Established in 1984 with an area of 499 sq. km., Parsa Wildlife Reserve occupies part of Chitwan, Makawanpur, Parsa and Bara Districts in central Nepal.
The dominant landscape of the reserve, the Churia hills range from 750 m. to 950 m. in elevation and run east-west through the reserve. The reserve has a sub-tropical monsoon climate with relatively high humidity. Summer days are characteristically hot with average temperatures ranging from 30 to 35 degree Celsius.
The forest is composed of tropical and subtropical forest types with sal forest constituting 90% of the vegetation. In the Churia hills, chir pine grows and along the streams and rivers, Khair, sissoo and silk cotton tree occur. Sabai grass, a commercially important species, grows well along southern face of the Churia hills.
The reserve supports a good population of resident wild elephant, tiger, leopard, sloth bear, gaur, blue bull, and wild dog. Other common animals are sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer, langur, striped hyena ratel, palm civet and jungle cat.
There are nearly 300 species of birds in the reserve. Giant hornbill, one of the endangered species, is found in certain forest patches. Peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers and woodpeckers are few of the other common birds found in the reserve.
Many kinds of snakes including king cobra, common cobra, krait, rat snake and python are found in the reserve due to the hot tropical climate.
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All photographs by Charles Lin ©1996